NIST Controls

Table of Contents

Introduction to NIST Controls

NIST Controls, also known as the National Institute of Standards and Technology Controls, are a set of cybersecurity guidelines and best practices developed by the United States government. These controls provide organizations with a framework to protect their systems, data, and assets from various cyber threats.

Why NIST Controls?

With the increasing sophistication and frequency of cyber attacks, it has become crucial for organizations to implement strong cybersecurity measures. NIST Controls offer a comprehensive approach to address the most common and emerging cyber threats, ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, andavailability of organizational information and resources.

Examples of NIST Controls

NIST Controls encompass a wide range of security measures that organizations can implement to mitigate cyber risks. Some examples of NIST Controls include:

Access ControlRestricting access to sensitive information and resources based on user roles and permissions.
Security Awareness TrainingEducating employees about potential security threats and the proper handling of sensitive data.
Incident ResponseEstablishing procedures to detect, respond to, and recover from security incidents.
EncryptionUsing cryptographic techniques to secure data both at rest and in transit.

Categories of NIST Controls

NIST Controls can be categorized into 18 families, each focusing on a specific aspect of cybersecurity. These families are:

  1. Access Control
  2. Awareness and Training
  3. Configuration Management
  4. Continuous Monitoring
  5. Data Protection
  6. Identification and Authentication
  7. Incident Response
  8. Maintenance
  9. Media Protection
  10. Personnel Security
  11. Physical and Environmental Protection
  12. Planning
  13. Program Management
  14. Risk Assessment
  15. Security Assessment and Authorization
  16. System and Communications Protection
  17. System and Information Integrity
  18. Supply Chain Risk Management

Action Items for NIST Controls

Implementing NIST Controls involves several action items to ensure robust cybersecurity practices. Some common action items include:


NIST Controls offer a comprehensive framework for organizations to protect their systems and data from cyber threats. By implementing these controls and following best practices, organizations can significantly reduce the risk of a security breach and mitigate potential damages. It is important for organizations to stay updated with the latest NIST guidelines and continuously evaluate and improve their cybersecurity posture to ensure the utmost protection.

For a complete checklist of NIST controls and their detailed descriptions, get a copy of CyberRiskAI's NIST workbook where you can find the control list in Excel format.

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